IMPROVE YOUR READING – IELTS
This is a training idea to help you improve your reading skills for IELTS. It is something everyone should consider doing but it’s particularly aimed at people who have developed “IELTS reading phobia”. That is a very sad and common complaint. The idea is based on these principles
- people who read most tend to read best
- it helps to focus your reading
- it also helps to read in different ways
What is the idea? You read more. You read in a focused way. You vary what you do as you read. Overall – you can improve your IELTS reading skills by working on general reading skills.
Why read “hard texts”
1. Beat the fear – jump in the deep end – get used to it and build your confidence
IELTS reading is hard because the level of the texts is at least band score 8.0. If you’re much below that level you can have serious problems and even develop IELTS reading phobia. That can create bad habits. The idea is that if you get used to reading texts that are harder you beat the fear and when you get to the test you’ll be quite used to looking at things that are hard and you’ll be more confident.
2. Treat reading as an understanding exercise not a vocabulary exercise
One problem with IELTS reading is that sometimes people treat it as a vocabulary test – they concentrate too much on the meaning of individual words and unknown words in particular. Actually IELTS reading is a test of understanding not a test of vocabulary. Even though you understand most or all the words you still may not understand.
Look at this example:
Dr Carole Easton, the chief executive of Young Women’s Trust, which supports and represents women aged 16 to 30 struggling to live on low or no pay in England and Wales, said it was distressing that so many young people were struggling at a time of life traditionally characterized by youthful confidence.
You probably know all the words but it is hard to understand because it is one very long sentence with complex structures – and in this way is very similar to IELTS reading texts. You need to find a way to understand this type of language efficiently. Reading lots of it is a good start.
Don’t concentrate on words, concentrate on meaning and build your self-confidence in reading hard texts
What to read – focus on topics
IELTS readings can be about almost any general interest topic – although politics and anything controversial is excluded. But you can help yourself by focusing on certain topics. One sensible way to do this is too look at the type of topics you get in the writing paper. Why? You’ll also get ideas and language to help your writing. Try these:
government and local affairs
A good idea is to vary the topics you read about and use the ideas you read about help you with your essay writing
Choose topics that interest you – you’ll understand more that way and just read better
Choose texts of different lengths – sometimes a paragraph can be enough
Choose native speaker texts – those are the ones you’ll be tested on
Where to find things to read
There are lots of possibilities. Here are a few to try.
One idea is to look at magazines that contain the articles that are on the right topics.
Different ways to practice your general reading
This is a list to give you ideas. The main point behind it is that you can/should read in different ways. It helps to keep you interested and you practice slightly different skills. Some of these exercises are of course very similar, but each one works slightly differently as training
- Just read
Don’t ignore this. Just reading is good for you. Choose something interesting for you and read it. If at the end you can say “Yes, I generally understood it” then score yourself 100%. It isn’t written for you, it was written for a native speaker. You’re one step closer to IELTS.
- Black out the words you don’t know
This is great – especially if you have reading phobia. You go through the text and black out completely all the words that you don’t know. Then you go through the text and try and see if you can see what it’s about. But you will still generally understand it – it’s an exercise. This is great for IELTS as it shows you that you can still work with hard texts even if you don’t know all the words.
- Highlight the words you know
This is equally great. It’s the same exercise in reverse. This time you are concentrating on the positive. You should see that in fact you know most of the words in the text. That’s a good feeling and a way to beat reading phobia.
- Read then summarize
This is more of a “learning activity”. You read something and then at the end you try and summarize what you have read. Doing something active after you read is always a good idea. I’d suggest keeping your summary quick and general here – don’t get lost in the detail.
This will help with paragraph matching type questions in IELTS and it is also good practice for your summary skills.
- Read then summarize using 5 words/phrases from the text
This is of course similar. Here though this time you’re thinking about learning words. The idea is that you choose words that you think are important for the meaning of the text. I suggest you choose
Words that are repeated – they’re normally the important ones
Words that you half-recognize – if the word is completely unknown then it may not be that important/useful
Not just words but collocations/phrases – this is much more useful for vocabulary learning – to understand why read this lesson on vocabulary learning
- Summarize paragraph by paragraph
This will involve more close reading of the text and make you think about how paragraphs fit together and how they are about one main idea.
- Choose 5 or so key points or ideas
This may be very similar to the paragraph exercise above. This time though you are concentrating on ideas – perhaps ideas you can borrow for your writing.
- Look at the headings and predict the content or write headings for the sections
What it can do is help your ability to section the text into different parts – something that is really important in IELTS. One thing that helps is to be able to identify what each part of the text is about. Do this and you can decide much more quickly where to find the answers.
- Don’t read the whole text just read a paragraph
Why not? If you just read one paragraph you are able to focus on “detailed meaning” and “close reading skills”. This is how you get most of the answers in IELTS. This is a quality not quantity exercise. A good proposition.
- Decide if you agree with it or compare it with your culture or ask if it was interesting
This is a thinking exercise – it helps you engage more with what you are reading. If you compare it with what you know then you are more likely to focus on the meaning of the text. Making learning personal is always a good idea.
- Find another article on the same topic and compare them
This is excellent practice. Just the process of looking for another article is good for reading/research skills – Google News works very well here. It’s interesting to compare similar articles – your brain gets engaged. It can also help by seeing which words/phrases are used in both articles – they’re likely to be the important ones.
- Look for names and dates and numbers and see what they’re about
This is a scanning type activity -something that can help with IELTS. Don’t just find the names and numbers etc, you decide if they’re important to the text or not. Here you’re practicing two skills – scanning and close reading. Something that is very close to IELTS
- Use a dictionary – but only for a few words
Don’t overdo this one. The more you use a dictionary the slower you read and the less you read. Only allow 5 words per text. If you only give yourself 5 words this forces you to “guess” the meaning of other words – excellent for IELTS. The dictionary recommend is Macmillan.
- Read and listen and watch
This idea is slightly different. Reading can be tiring and sometimes you want a bit of a break.
How does this work? Well, you keep reading as the speaker talks – you go forwards at a natural pace. It’s one way to forget about getting stuck on difficult words. We suggest you just choose a talk that looks really interesting to you and just watch and listen and read. What’s likely to happen is that you forget about the difficulty of the reading part and concentrate more on meaning. One benefit of video is that it makes it slightly easier – you get visual clues too.